Subrogation Rights & Performance Bonds – Case analysis of Sompo Insurance Singapore Pte Ltd v Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc [2021] SGGC 152

Does an insurer’s ideal of subrogation lengthen to the right to call upon a efficiency bond issued to the insured? In Sompo Coverage Singapore Pte Ltd v Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance policies plc [2021] SGGC 152, the Superior Court docket of Singapore verified that it does.

The case gives a concise summary of the regulation of subrogation in Singapore. It confirms that subrogated legal rights of restoration are not minimal to actions against the man or woman liable for the loss, but include things like all rights that the insured could possibly have had versus any 3rd party (whether in agreement, tort, fairness or otherwise). The scenario supplies an critical reminder to promises managers of the wide scope of subrogated legal rights.


In December 2013, the Government of Singapore entered into a deal with Geometra Globally Movers to transportation armed service cargo. As part of that deal, Geometra agreed to provide an unconditional effectiveness bond for 5% of the contract selling price. Subsequently, Sompo issued a bond in favour of the Governing administration. The Government acquired its personal coverage policy with RSA to deal with hurt to the cargo.

All through transportation, the cargo was weakened. RSA agreed to indemnify the Govt for its loss. RSA then commenced a subrogated restoration motion and referred to as on the effectiveness bond issued by Sompo. RSA’s legal professionals wrote to Sompo and designed a desire on the bond “on behalf of the Authorities of Singapore“. Sompo refused the phone for two factors:

  1. The subrogated cargo insurer (i.e. RSA) experienced no right to phone on the functionality bond and
  2. The performance bond had finally expired as it was not called upon by the Singapore Government within the validity time period.

RSA obtained judgment in the District Court. Sompo appealed the decision to the Higher Courtroom.

The Parties’ Submissions

RSA claimed that upon indemnifying the Governing administration for the loss, pursuant to its ideal to subrogation, it was entitled to connect with on the Government’s effectiveness bond.

Sompo claimed that as RSA’s lawyers and not the Federal government experienced identified as on the bond, RSA experienced failed to comply with the bond’s phrases and, therefore, the need on the bond was invalid. Sompo also argued that subrogation only extends to rights towards the individual accountable for the reduction. In this case, the particular person liable for the reduction was Geometra and not Sompo.

The Court’s Conclusion

The extent of subrogation

The judge rejected Sompo’s assertion of the law of subrogation. He verified that the typical law principle of subrogation grants an insurer the entitlement to each and every correct the insured has to recover in regard of a loss. In this scenario, the Governing administration could have called on the bond in advance of declaring beneath the policy, and if it had carried out so, RSA would only have compensated the loss not covered by the bond. The judge verified that the right of subrogation was not constrained to the wrongdoer, and RSA had the choice to possibly pursue Sompo or Geometra.

Was the connect with legitimate?

The choose also dismissed the argument that RSA had not strictly complied with the get in touch with and that only the Authorities could contact on the bond. As RSA’s lawyers’ letter was composed “on behalf of the Federal government of Singapore” (on the basis that the lawyers’ authority arrived from their shopper, RSA, who had ‘stepped into the shoes’ of the Federal government pursuant to their right of subrogation), this was ample to satisfy the conditions of the bond, which only necessary that the desire is in crafting and from “the Federal government“.


The judgment confirms that insurers are not constrained to pursuing subrogated recoveries versus the person accountable for the loss, but can use all of the rights and solutions that the insured would be equipped to pursue for a recovery, together with calling on efficiency bonds. When thinking about a subrogated recovery, promises managers must search at the fundamental deal(s) and see no matter whether any performance bond has been issued.

This circumstance is also a reminder that when calling on a effectiveness bond, it is critical to be certain that one particular strictly complies with the contact phrases of the bond.

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